- raster-based imagery
- vector-based imagery
Vector image, showing points and line segments Raster image showing color pixels
Here are important points to consider to best understand the differences between these two main types of imagery:
- Can be created instantly through a variety of graphic/photographic capturing- high quality scanning, high quality digital photography, etc.
- Able to produce millions of colors, used in high detail photography, fine art, illustrations, etc.
- Easily able to manage colors by assigning different color profiles specific to individual printer makes/models and other output devices.
- Easy to adjust colors, color balance, and other visual effects such as blurring, cloning, full or partial transparency, gradations, etc. through tools used to manipulate pixel color, relationships of how color pixels interact and work together to form the image, etc.
- The nature of raster pixels makes editing across multiple artwork platforms and programs easy, with minimal cross-compatibility issues.
- Confined to using high-resolution to get high quality print results.
- The final output of the image may not be good quality if the original image starts as low quality (ex. imagery downloaded from websites or online google searches).
- Image quality can degrade depending on how much the image is resaved, the file type used when saved, etc. and often will result in digital noise and artifacts forming within the image itself.
- High quality images are often large file sizes and can slow down image processing power and time.
- Limited amount of scalability of the graphic before noticeable image quality loss is seen.
- Infinitely scalable since it is not dependent on resolution- the same vector image can be scaled smaller than a business card, or as large as a billboard or more, all without losing any resolution or quality.
- Can achieve crisp detailed edges of text, fine detail artwork, and more.
- File sizes are generally smaller in size than raster-based imagery.
- Can apply gradients, transparencies, partial transparencies, etc. to the elements of the design.
- Easier to create and manipulate the shapes and forms of design work through adjusting the points, line segments, anchor points to control line curve, etc. which is much more difficult to do similar adjustments in raster-based artwork.
- Usually cannot capture or utilize millions of colors like raster imagery does inherently.
- Not always compatible with many consumer-level devices, software programs, and other similar platforms.
- More difficult and/or time-consuming to create finished artwork.
- May have compatibility issues even with some output devices that are designed to be able to work with vector art, such as when special effects are used- drop shadows, gradients, transparencies and partial transparencies, etc.
This illustration shows the difference between a vector image vs. a raster image and what happens when they are both enlarged. the scalability of the vector image is infinite, where the scalability of the raster image is limited.
Common file types that can support both raster and vector imagery: PDF, EPS, AI (Adobe Illustrator), CDR (Corel Draw)
For additional information, questions, product support and troubleshooting, please contact JPPlus Advanced Support Team:
- Phone: 419-500-4877
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Schedule an appointment: https://jpplusadvancedsupport.setmore.com/