Rowmark is proud to be an industry leader in the development and manufacture of engraveable plastic sheet and continues to innovate, engineer and introduce new laser-friendly materials to the market every year. Rowmark laserable materials are manufactured with impact modified acrylic resins to fabricate exceptionally well with CO2 laser systems. While laserable plastics have become more fabrication-friendly over the years, it is still important to experiment with various materials and laser settings. Different color plastics, even those in the same product family, can require unique speed and power settings. As you work through this process and you recognize you have achieved your optimal results, be sure to document them for future projects. Collecting this information will help you customize your own personal reference from your projects and experience!


There are numerous variables that can affect the lasering process for both rastering and cutting acrylics. These differences include but are not limited to color, gauge, density, texture and composition of the sheets. Another key factor would be the processes used to manufacture the material, even when they are made by the same manufacturer. As such, while you likely received speed and power settings from your laser manufacturer, they are intended as a starting point for your laser materials. However, experimentation with materials and settings is truly the best way to achieve your optimal results.


General Print Driver Setting Observations

Power Setting

  • Higher burns deeper. Too much power sacrifices detail. Has no effect on running time.
  • Lower burns shallower. Too little power sacrifices detail. Has no effect on running time.

Speed Setting

  • Higher saves time. Burns shallower and reduces detail.
  • Lower increases time. Burns deeper but too deep may reduce detail.

PPI Setting

  • Higher increases the burning or melting effect. Produces finer detail if speed is not too fast.
  • Lower decreases the burning or melting effect. Reduces image detail if set too low.
  • Has no effect on running time and very little effect on depth.

General Observations

  • Doubling the power doubles the depth and halving the power halves the depth.
  • Halving the speed doubles the depth and doubling the speed halves the depth.



Standard Lens Options

Lens | Beam Diameter | Usage

  • 1.5″ | .003″ | Fine detailed lasering
  • 2.0″ | .005″ | Standard for engraving and cutting with emphasis on engraving better than cutting
  • 2.5″ | .007″ | Standard for engraving and cutting with emphasis on cutting better than engraving
  • 4.0″ | .012″ | Deep material distance engraving and cutting


Focus is Key! Focus is critical in laser engraving whether auto or manual. Running a job out of focus can result in wide kerfs,

flaming and melting. Be sure to focus every project, even when using similar substrates.


Cleaning Optics

Wipe the lens lightly with a soft cloth or lens tissue moistened with optic cleanser. Wiping in a circular motion, working outward from the center is the most effective method. Never wipe the lens with a dry cloth, this may scratch it or remove the protective coating.


Heat Stress

Lasers are incredibly powerful pieces of equipment and generate a significant amount of heat. This is why it is imperative both to safety and achieving optimal results, to control these parameters effectively in your fabrication process. Lasering

acrylics with excessive power, high PPI, too slow of speed or even an out of focus beam can result in ‘concentrated heat’ in the material which can cause degradation, cracking or warp. This is also true when lasering large areas as ablation of larger amounts of the cap surface can also result in heat build-up in the core layer. Rowmark recommends using lower power and DPI with multiple passes in these applications to allow the material time to relax and cool.


Laser Setting Recommendations

The recommendations in this document are intended for reference purposes only and are provided by Rowmark to our customers as a courtesy. This guide offers safe starting point settings however adjustments may be necessary to achieve your optimal results as variations in equipment, environment and materials will inevitably yield different results.


ADA Alternative®

Lucent

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt30806001301510001
Trotec – 60 watt308050013054001
Universal – 40 watt307050014054001
GCC – 30 watt307050014054001
Dremel DigiLab30100Low15020551


ColorCast Acrylics™

ColorHues™

Reflexions

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001702010002
Trotec – 60 watt357040017024002
Universal – 40 watt408040018054002
GCC – 30 watt408040018054002
Dremel DigiLab30100Low18020751


When lasering cast acrylics, a second pass with a ‘soft focus’ can create a smoother ‘glass like’ finish. To achieve a soft focus, drop your laser bed out of focus approximately .020”. (comparable to the gauge of Rowmark FlexiBrass material)


The Naturals

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001603010001
Trotec – 60 watt357040016034001
Universal – 40 watt308040016054001
GCC – 30 watt408040017054001
Dremel DigiLab30100Low16520651


FlexiBrass® FlexiColor®

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt20804001301510001
Trotec – 60 watt207040013054001
Universal – 40 watt208040013084001
GCC – 30 watt358040013054001
Dremel DigiLab30100Low15520501


LaserGlow®

Reverse Engrave

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001-2603010001
Trotec – 60 watt35704001-26034001
Universal – 40 watt40804001-27054001
GCC – 30 watt40804001-27054001


LaserLights

LaserMAGS

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt20804001251510001
Trotec – 60 watt207040012554001
Universal – 40 watt208040012584001
GCC – 30 watt358040012554001


LaserMax®

LaserMark® | LaserMax

Reverse Light Blockers

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001603010001
Trotec – 60 watt357040016034001
Universal – 40 watt308040017054001
GCC – 30 watt408040017054001
Dremel DigiLab30100Low16520651


MetalGraph Plus®

FusionGrafix™

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001603010001
Trotec – 60 watt357040016034001
Universal – 40 watt408040017054001
GCC – 30 watt408040017054001


Textures

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt40704001-2603010001
Trotec – 60 watt40704001-26034001
Universal – 40 watt50804001-27054001
GCC – 30 watt50804001-27054001


UltraGrave™

Matte | Satin

Raster

Power

Raster

Speed

DPIPasses

Vector

Power

Vector

Speed

Frequency

or PPI

Passes
Epilog – 60 watt35704001-2503010001
Trotec – 60 watt35704001-26054001
Universal – 40 watt40804001-27054001
GCC – 30 watt40804001-27054001


  • ALWAYS remove the Rowmark printed protective masking before raster engraving.
  • Bottom Up Engraving – Change the orientation of your laser to begin engraving from the bottom of the material upwards. This simple step will minimize the amount of residue being exhausted over previously engraved material which can redeposit on the warm core and make post-fabrication clean up a challenge. You can change the orientation of your laser to bottom up engraving from the advanced tab in your print driver.
  • Reds & Blues – Due to the color density of some of the more vibrant color selections, Rowmark recommends running two passes to achieve optimal results. The first pass should ablate the majority of the micro-surface while the second pass removes any residual colorant to offer you a clean, sharp result. Once again, using the ‘bottom up’ engraving method helps to facilitate optimal results in these applications.
  • Soft Focus – When lasering reverse engraveable materials, a second pass with a soft focus can create a smoother ‘glass like’ finish which in turn will offer more vibrant results in your color filling efforts. A soft focus is achieved by focusing your laser to your material then dropping your laser bed out of focus approximately .020” then run your second pass.
  • DPI vs. PPI - DPI applies to raster engraving, whereas PPI applies to vector cutting. When ‘raster engraving’ your image will determine how many times the laser tube must fire to produce the image you desire, PPI will be ignored. As such, when ‘vector cutting’ you determine your PPI setting while the DPI will be relatively ignored. Lowering the number of laser firings per inch, particularly when engraving larger text or objects, will help keep the material cooler, minimizing warp tendencies. Setting your DPI at 400 for photo engraving will also help minimize the ‘banding effect’ often experienced with these projects.
  • Vector Cutting – When your application will permit, Rowmark recommends leaving the protective masking in place when laser vector cutting. This will minimize residue and ease post-fabrication clean up. An additional tip for clean vector cuts would be to apply a small amount of dish soap and ‘coat’ the surface of your material. Let the soap dry then cut. Rinse your material under warm water to easily wash away soap and residue. Ensure your laser has an accurate focus to achieve the cleanest cuts. 
    • Note: PPI’s over 400 are likely to result in tacky edges.
  • Air Assist – The purpose of using air assist when vector cutting is to force air directly onto the surface of the material to reduce heat and disperse combustible gases from the cutting surface by directing a constant stream of air across the cutting surface, minimizing possible flaming and scorching. Rowmark strongly encourages the use of air assist in the vector cutting process however not in the raster engraving portion of your job as it can result in the re-deposit residue in the engraved portion of your project.
  • Cleaning – While experienced engravers may have some success using alternative cleaners for post-fabrication clean up, Rowmark strongly recommends cleaning with only warm water and mild dish soap. Damage and degradation of materials through the use of alternative cleaning solvents is solely the responsibility of the user.
  • Ventilation – A necessity … NOT an accessory! Your laser manufacturer will recommend a minimum of cubic feet per minute of air to be exhausted contingent on the size of your laser cabinet. This not only removes the smoke and dust from your cabinet keeping your optics cleaner but also exhausts & dilutes any dangerous fumes to acceptable level. NEVER operate your laser without an efficiently operating exhaust ventilating outdoors at the CFM recommended.
  • Safety – While offering these guidelines as safe starting points for laser engravers, we need to recognize all machines and fabrication circumstances will vary from shop to shop. Common practice will reinforce the engraving basics: Most laserable plastics can be engraved at high speed with the power adjusted according to the wattage of your laser. Some will require multiple passes. Cutting plastic is best achieved using relatively slower speed and higher power. Respect your equipment and the materials you fabricate … keep in mind plastics are flammable so NEVER leave your laser running unattended!
  • WARNING – Never laser engrave or cut materials containing PVC (Polyvinylchloride). These fumes are extremely toxic and so caustic that they can chemically corrode the metal parts of your laser system and will nullify most laser warranties.


Rowmark Rack Star

While laser marking irregular shaped objects used to be a challenge … Rack Star, can make these

projects easy, efficient and profitable! Features include: durable aluminum construction, pin rail system placed on 1-inch centers for quick set ups, and acrylic risers and v-blocks that secure objects vertically or horizontally in the laser bed, level with the laser beam and exclusive powder coated honeycomb. Proudly made in the USA! See more at rackstarlasersystem.com/.


OEM Honeycombs

Minimize

Flashback

Cooling and

Improve Air Flow

Ease of Fixturing

Ability to Secure Odd

Shaped Objects

EpilogYesYesN/AN/A
GCCYesYesN/AN/A
TrotecYesYesN/AN/A
UniversalYesYesN/AN/A
Rowmark Rack StarYesYesYesYes



Leading Equipment Manufacturers

  • Epilog Laser Systems | Golden, CO | epiloglaser.com
  • Full Spectrum Laser | Las Vegas, NV | fslaser.com
  • GCC America | Walnut, CA | gccworld.com
  • Kern Laser Systems | Wadena, MN | kernlasers.com
  • Rabbit Laser USA | Middletown, OH | .rabbitlaserusa.com
  • Trotec Laser Systems | Wels, Austria | troteclaser.com
  • Universal Laser Systems | Scottsdale, AZ | ulsinc.com
  • Vision Engraving Systems | Phoenix, AZ | visionengravers.com
  • Xenetech Global | Baton Rouge, LA | xenetech.com


All information above is offered in good faith however offers no warranties implied or otherwise.

For additional product or fabrication please contact a Rowmark representative at:

techhelp@rowmark.com or 800.769.6275